Abstract
This essay explores how hormone treatments were used to optimize and normalize individuals under Italian Fascism. It does so by taking the activities of the Biotypological Orthogenetic Institute − an Italian eugenics and endocrinological centre founded by Nicola Pende in 1926 − as the prime example of a version of eugenics, biotypology, which was based on hormone therapies. This essay first demonstrates that Italian Fascist biopolitics was not only concerned with increasing the size of the Italian population, but also with improving its quality. It suggests that under the Italian Fascist regime hormone therapies became eugenic tools of intervention to improve the Italian race. Second, while Pende's institute purportedly enhanced men and women, its activities show the extent to which the ‘techniques of normalization’ pursued by the Fascist regime were both systematic and invasive.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/s0007087419000906
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 50,391
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Endocrinology: A Brief Introduction.DianaLong Hall & ThomasF Glick - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2).

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Patterns of Italian Immigration to the United States.Frank J. Cavaioli - 2008 - Catholic Social Science Review 13:213-229.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-05-20

Total views
3 ( #1,243,079 of 2,326,153 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #284,939 of 2,326,153 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes