Are computer simulations experiments? And if not, how are they related to each other?


Authors
Claus Beisbart
University of Berne
Abstract
Computer simulations and experiments share many important features. One way of explaining the similarities is to say that computer simulations just are experiments. This claim is quite popular in the literature. The aim of this paper is to argue against the claim and to develop an alternative explanation of why computer simulations resemble experiments. To this purpose, experiment is characterized in terms of an intervention on a system and of the observation of the reaction. Thus, if computer simulations are experiments, either the computer hardware or the target system must be intervened on and observed. I argue against the first option using the non-observation argument, among others. The second option is excluded by e.g. the over-control argument, which stresses epistemological differences between experiments and simulations. To account for the similarities between experiments and computer simulations, I propose to say that computer simulations can model possible experiments and do in fact often do so.
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DOI 10.1007/s13194-017-0181-5
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References found in this work BETA

Who is a Modeler?M. Weisberg - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):207-233.
How Models Are Used to Represent Reality.Ronald N. Giere - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):742-752.
The View From Nowhere.Thomas Nagel - 1986 - Behaviorism 15 (1):73-82.
Critique of Pure Reason.I. Kant - 1787/1998 - Philosophy 59 (230):555-557.
Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Jacob Stegenga - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (3):431-436.

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Citations of this work BETA

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