Basic model theory


A structure is a triple A = (A, {Ri: i ∈ I}, {ej: j ∈ J}), where A, the domain or universe of A, is a nonempty set, {Ri: i ∈ I} is an indexed family of relations on A and {ej: j ∈ J}) is an indexed set of elements —the designated elements of A. For each i ∈ I there is then a natural number λ(i) —the degree of Ri —such that Ri is a λ(i)-place relation on A, i.e., Ri ⊆ Aλ(i). This λ may be regarded as a function from I to the set ω of natural numbers; the pair (λ, J) is called the type of A. Structures of the same type are said to be similar. Note that since an n-place operation f: An → A can be regarded as an (n+1)-place relation on A, algebraic structures containing operations such as groups, rings, vector spaces, etc. may be construed as structures in the above sense.



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John L. Bell
University of Western Ontario

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