Res Publica 10 (2):135-152 (2004)

It is estimated that there could be 200 million‘environmental refugees’ by the middle of this century. One major environmental cause of population displacement is likely to be global climate change. As the situation is likely to become more pressing, it is vital to consider now the rights of environmental refugees and the duties of the rest of the world. However, this is not an issue that has been addressed in mainstream theories of global justice. This paper considers the potential of two leading liberal theories of international justice to address the particular issues raised by the plight of potential and actual environmental refugees. I argue that neither John Rawls’s ‘Law of Peoples’ approach nor Charles Beitz’s `cosmopolitanism' is capable of providing an adequate account of justice in this context. Beitz’s theory does have some advantages over Rawls’s approach but it fails to take proper account of the attachment that some people have to their own ‘home’
Keywords Beitz  climate change  environmental justice  environmental refugees  international justice  Rawls
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DOI 10.1023/B:RESP.0000034638.18936.aa
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The Ethical Challenges in the Context of Climate Loss and Damage.Ivo Wallimann-Helmer, Kian Mintz-Woo, Lukas Meyer, Thomas Schinko & Olivia Serdeczny - 2019 - In Reinhard Mechler, Laurens M. Bouwer, Thomas Schinko, Swenja Surminski & JoAnne Linnerooth-Bayer (eds.), Loss and Damage from Climate Change. Cham: Springer. pp. 39-62.
Drowning Under: Small Island States and the Right to Exist.Milla Emilia Vaha - 2015 - Journal of International Political Theory 11 (2):206-223.
‘Migrants in a Feverland’: State Obligations Towards the Environmentally Displaced.Megan Bradley - 2012 - Journal of International Political Theory 8 (1-2):147-158.

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