British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (3):471-513 (2001)
This paper offers an interpretation of Poincaré's conventionalism, distinguishing it from the Duhem–Quine thesis, on the one hand, and, on the other, from the logical positivist understanding of conventionalism as a general account of necessary truth. It also confronts Poincaré's conventionalism with some counter-arguments that have been influential: Einstein's (general) relativistic argument, and the linguistic rejoinders of Quine and Davidson. In the first section, the distinct roles played by the inter-translatability of different geometries, the inaccessibility of space to direct observation, and general holistic considerations are identified. Together, they form a constructive argument for conventionalism that underscores the impact of fact on convention. The second section traces Poincaré's influence on the general theory of relativity and Einstein's ensuing ambivalence toward Poincaré. Lastly, it is argued that neither Quine nor Davidson has met the conventionalist challenge.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Conventionalism, Structuralism and Neo-Kantianism in Poincaré׳s Philosophy of Science.Milena Ivanova - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 52:114-122.
Conventionalism About What? Where Duhem and Poincaré Part Ways.Milena Ivanova - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 54:80-89.
Space–Time Philosophy Reconstructed Via Massive Nordström Scalar Gravities? Laws Vs. Geometry, Conventionality, and Underdetermination.J. Brian Pitts - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 53:73-92.
Similar books and articles
Did Malament Prove the Non-Conventionality of Simultaneity in the Special Theory of Relativity?Sahotra Sarkar & John Stachel - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (2):208-220.
Duhem, Quine and Grünbaum on Falsification.Gary Wedeking - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (4):375-380.
Poincaré's Thesis of the Translatability of Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometries.David Stump - 1991 - Noûs 25 (5):639-657.
Henri Poincare and Bruno de Finetti: Conventions and Scientific Reasoning.S. B. - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):657-679.
Poincare's Contributions to Relativistic Dynamics.G. Granek - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (1):15-48.
Farewell to Certitude: Einstein's Novelty on Induction and Deduction, Fallibilism. [REVIEW]Avshalom M. Adam - 2000 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (1):19-37.
Poincaré's Conventionalism and the Logical Positivists.Michael Friedman - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (2):299-314.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads98 ( #52,202 of 2,172,023 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,502 of 2,172,023 )
How can I increase my downloads?