Springer Verlag (2019)

Majid D. Beni
Middle East Technical University
In this book, the author develops a new form of structural realism and deals with the problem of representation. The work combines two distinguished developments of the Semantic View of Theories, namely Structural Realism, a flourishing theory from contemporary philosophy of science, and Ronald Giere and colleagues’ Cognitive Models of Science approach. Readers will see how replacing the model-theoretic structures that are at issue in SR with connectionist networks and activations patterns helps us to deal with the problem of representation. The author suggests that cognitive structures are not only the precise formal tools for regimenting the structure of scientific theories but also the tools that the biological brain uses to capture the essential features of its environment. Therefore, replacing model-theoretic structures with cognitive structures allows us to account for the theories-reality relationship on the basis of the most reliable theories of neurology. This is how a new form of SR, called Cognitive Structural Realism is introduced through this book, which articulates and defends CSR, and shows how two diverging branches of SVT can be reconciled. This ground-breaking work will particularly appeal to people who work in the philosophy of science, philosophy of mind and cognitive sciences.
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ISBN(s) 978-3-030-05114-3   3030051137   9783030051136   978-3-030-05113-6   3030051153   9783030051143   3030051145
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-05114-3
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Chapters BETA
Introduction, a Radically Naturalist Solution to the Problem of Scientific Representation

The book aims to provide a radically naturalistic account of scientific representation in the field of philosophy of science and within the context of structural realism. The book’s account of scientific representation is presented within the context of a new version of Structural Realism. This new ... see more

Cognitive Structural Realism, the Nature of Cognitive Models, and some Further Clarifications

This chapter concludes the enterprise of this book. It briefly overviews some of the themes that are unfolded in the book. For example, it highlights the unificatory vocation of CSR, as a theory which seeks to reconcile structural realism to the cognitive models of science approach. This chapter als... see more

The Parting of the Ways

This chapter unfolds the background of Cognitive Structural Realism and its account of scientific representation. This overviews the pursuit of the idea of the underlying structure of scientific theories in the history of the philosophy of science and elaborates on some of the central themes of this... see more

A Rudimentary Version of Cognitive Structural Realism

The chapter launches a new attempt at addressing the problem of representation. In this chapter, I shall argue that to deal with the problem, we may specify the underlying structure of scientific theories in terms of cognitive structures. To introduce the desirable cognitive structures, I shall rely... see more

The Problem of Representation, Real Patterns, and Rainforests

This chapter surveys a different version of SR that does not rely on set/model-theoretic structures. Ladyman J, Ross D, Collier J, Spurrett D version of Informational SR offers an information-theoretic account of the underlying structure of scientific theories. At times it seems that Ladyman and Ros... see more

An Ecological Solution to the Problem of Representation

In this chapter, I survey an embodied, ecological, enactivist construal of PPT. Let us call this the embodied construal for short. Unlike the inferentialist construal of PPT that has been mentioned in the previous chapter, the embodied construal of PPT can accommodate direct realism. In this chapter... see more

The Problem of Representation and a Formal Solution

The chapter articulates weak and strong versions of the problem of representation. It also argues that enhancing the expressive power of logical systems does not result in a conclusive solution to the problem of representation. I examine structural realists’ reliance on ‘partial isomorphisms’ and ‘p... see more

An Advanced Version of Cognitive Structural Realism

In this chapter, I draw on the resources of contemporary computational neuroscience to provide an updated version of CSR. I shall argue that the resources of the Predictive Processing Theory can be used to account for both structuralist and realist components of CSR. I argue that PPT provides the ne... see more

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Citations of this work BETA

A Critical Analysis of Markovian Monism.Majid D. Beni - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6407-6427.
Inflating the social aspects of cognitive structural realism.Majid D. Beni - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-18.
A Free Energy Reconstruction of Arguments for Panpsychism.Majid D. Beni - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.

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