Philosophical Explorations 4 (3):223 – 239 (2001)

Abstract
This article addresses the question of how, if at all, citizens can sustain an effective sense of political belonging without sacrificing other sources of ethical identity. We begin with a critical analysis of Rousseau's classic considerations of politics and religion, which concludes that membership of a sub-political ethical community is incompatible with an effective sense of political belonging.This critique leads us to a consideration of the basic character of contemporary constitutional-democratic polities (drawing on the work of James Tully) and of Waldron's account of the circumstances of politics.These considerations are developed into the claim that we can identify two sources of political belonging: recognition and acknowledgement - which correspond to two aspects of democratic citizenship: as status and as mode of being. On the basis of this claim, we argue that an effective sense of political belonging can be compatible with membership of sub-political ethical communities iff members of the political community are characterised by the majoritarian virtue of civic responsiveness and the minoritarian virtue of civic endurance. We sketch the character of these virtues and the relationship to one another in arguing that only the widespread presence of both kinds of virtue is sufficient to secure citizens' confidence in the polity and hence its stability.
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DOI 10.1080/10002001098538718
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References found in this work BETA

Political Liberalism.J. Rawls - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (3):596-598.
Law and Disagreement.Jeremy Waldron - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
Liberty before Liberalism.Quentin Skinner - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (1):172-175.
Law and Disagreement.Arthur Ripstein & Jeremy Waldron - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):611.
Reply to Habermas.John Rawls - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):132-180.

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Citations of this work BETA

Recognition and Dialogue: The Emergence of a New Field.James Tully - 2004 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (3):84-106.
Punishment, Reintegration, and Atypical Victims.Christopher Ciocchetti - 2004 - Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (2):25-38.

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