French hospital nurses' opinion about euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: a national phone survey
Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (4):238-244 (2009)
Background: Hospital nurses are frequently the first care givers to receive a patient’s request for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (PAS). In France, there is no consensus over which medical practices should be considered euthanasia, and this lack of consensus blurred the debate about euthanasia and PAS legalisation. This study aimed to investigate French hospital nurses’ opinions towards both legalisations, including personal conceptions of euthanasia and working conditions and organisation. Methods: A phone survey conducted among a random national sample of 1502 French hospital nurses. We studied factors associated with opinions towards euthanasia and PAS, including contextual factors related to hospital units with random-effects logistic models. Results: Overall, 48% of nurses supported legalisation of euthanasia and 29%, of PAS. Religiosity, training in pallative care/pain management and feeling competent in end-of-life care were negatively correlated with support for legalisation of both euthanasia and PAS, while nurses working at night were more prone to support legalisation of both. The support for legalisation of euthanasia and PAS was also weaker in pain treatment/palliative care and intensive care units, and it was stronger in units not benefiting from interventions of charity/religious workers and in units with more nurses. Conclusions: Many French hospital nurses uphold the legalisation of euthanasia and PAS, but these nurses may be the least likely to perform what proponents of legalisation call “good” euthanasia. Improving professional knowledge of palliative care could improve the management of end-of-life situations and help to clarify the debate over euthanasia
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Empirical Research in Medical Ethics: How Conceptual Accounts on Normative-Empirical Collaboration May Improve Research Practice.Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):5.
Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Euthanasia in Conflict with Professional Ethical Guidelines.Anja Terkamo-Moisio, Tarja Kvist, Mari Kangasniemi, Teuvo Laitila, Olli-Pekka Ryynänen & Anna-Maija Pietilä - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (1):70-86.
Similar books and articles
French District Nurses' Opinions Towards Euthanasia, Involvement in End-of-Life Care and Nurse Patient Relationship: A National Phone Survey.M. Bendiane, A. Galinier, R. Favre, C. Ribiere, J.-M. Lapiana, Y. Obadia & P. Peretti-Watel - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (12):708-711.
New Developments in Dutch Legislation Concerning Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide.Bert Gordijn & Rien Janssens - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):299 – 309.
A History of Ideas Concerning the Morality of Suicide, Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Euthanasia.Craig Paterson - 2009 - In Rajitha Tadikonda (ed.), Physician Assisted Euthanasia. Icfai University Press.
Equality, Justice, and Paternalism: Recentreing Debate About Physician-Assisted Suicide.Andrew Sneddon - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (4):387–404.
Physician Assisted Suicide in the United States of America.Kerri Anne Brussen - 2010 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 16 (2):3.
One Physician's Perspective: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide. [REVIEW]Perry A. Pugno - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (3):215-223.
Ending Life, Morality, and Meaning.Jukka Varelius - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):559-574.
Conscience, Referral, and Physician Assisted Suicide.Kevin WM Wildes - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):323-328.
"Fatal Practices": A Feminist Analysis of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.Diane Christine Raymond - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (2):1-25.
Autonomy-Based Arguments Against Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: A Critique. [REVIEW]Manne Sjöstrand, Gert Helgesson, Stefan Eriksson & Niklas Juth - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):225-230.
Continuous Sedation Until Death as Physician-Assisted Suicide/Euthanasia: A Conceptual Analysis.S. H. Lipuma - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):190-204.
Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Knowledge, Attitudes and Experiences of Nurses in Andalusia (Spain).M. -I. Tamayo-Velazquez, P. Simon-Lorda & M. Cruz-Piqueras - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (5):677-691.
Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Supreme Court's Wary Rejection.Susan R. Martyn & Henry J. Bourguignon - unknown
Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Right to Do Wrong.Jukka Varelius - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (3):1-15.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads27 ( #181,788 of 2,143,766 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #386,855 of 2,143,766 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.