Relating Addiction to Disease, Disability, Autonomy, and the Good Life

Abstract
Concepts We thank all three commentators for extremely constructive, insightful, and gracious commentaries. We cannot address all their valuable points. In this response, we elucidate and relate the concepts of addiction, disease, disability, autonomy, and well-being. We examine some of the implications of these relationships in the context of the helpful responses made by our commentators. We begin with the definitions of the relevant concepts which we employ: ¥? ? ? Addiction (Liberal Concept): An addiction is a strong appetite. ¥? ? ? Appetites: An appetite is a disposition that generates desires that are urgent, oriented toward some rewarding behavior, periodically recurring, often in predictable circumstances, sated temporarily by their fulfillment, and generally provide pleasure. ¥? ? ? Disease (Naturalistic Concept): A disease is some biological or psychological state that results in subfunctioning of the organism in a given set of environmental and social circumstances, C. The reference class is a natural class of organisms of uniform functional design; specifically, an age group of a sex of a species. A normal function is a part or process within members of the reference class and is a statistically typical contribution by it to their individual survival and reproduction (Boorse 1977, 1997). ¥? ? ? Disability (Welfarist Concept): A disability is a relatively stable biological or psychological state that tends to reduce the amount of well-being that this person will enjoy in a given set of environmental and social circumstances (Savulescu and Kahane 2009; Kahane and Savulescu, 2009). ¥? ? ? Autonomy (Rationalist Concept): A person rationally desires or values some state of affairs if and only if he or she desires that state of affairs while (1) being in possession of all relevant.
Keywords addiction   autonomy   appetite   disease   disability   desire   self-control   drugs   well-being
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1353/ppp.0.0284
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 27,195
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Addicted to Food, Hungry for Drugs.Bennett Foddy - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (2):79-89.
Voluntary Consent, Normativity, and Authenticity.Ron Berghmans - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):23-24.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Johnny Wilkinson's Addiction.Malcolm Horne - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (1):31-34.
Addicted to Food, Hungry for Drugs.Bennett Foddy - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (2):79-89.
Autonomy, Well-Being, Disease, and Disability.Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):59-65.
A Liberal Account of Addiction.Bennett Foddy & Julian Savulescu - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (1):1-22.
Addiction Between Compulsion and Choice.Richard Holton & Kent Berridge - forthcoming - In Neil Levy (ed.), Addiction and Self-Control. Oxford University Press.
Explaining Addiction.Eric Matthews - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (1):23-26.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2010-08-24

Total downloads

142 ( #33,078 of 2,163,984 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

4 ( #84,084 of 2,163,984 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums