Foundations of Chemistry 16 (3):215-233 (2014)

Abstract
This paper argues for the theoretical and practical validity of similarity as a useful epistemological tool in scientific knowledge generation, specifically in chemistry. Classical analyses of similarity in philosophy of science do not account for the concept’s practical significance in scientific activities. We recur to examples from chemistry to counter the claim of authors like Quine or Goodman to the effect that similarity must be excluded from scientific practices . In conclusion we argue that more recent conceptualizations of the notion of similarity, particularly Giere’s one, are appropriate for a philosophical analysis that considers scientific practices on equal terms with scientific theory
Keywords Chemistry  Similarity  Representation  Model  Scientific practices  Regulatory science
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DOI 10.1007/s10698-014-9203-y
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References found in this work BETA

How the Laws of Physics Lie.Nancy Cartwright - 1983 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Scientific Perspectivism.Ronald N. Giere - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.

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