Defeaters and higher-level requirements

Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):419–436 (2005)
Abstract
Internalists tend to impose on justification higher-level requirements, according to which a belief is justified only if the subject has a higher-level belief (i.e., a belief about the epistemic credentials of a belief). I offer an error theory that explains the appeal of this requirement: analytically, a belief is not justified if we have a defeater for it, but contingently, it is often the case that to avoid having defeaters, our beliefs must satisfy a higher-level requirement. I respond to the objection that externalists who endorse this error theory will be forced to accept a radical form of scepticism
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DOI 10.1111/j.0031-8094.2005.00408.x
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References found in this work BETA
Externalist Justification Without Reliability.Michael Bergmann - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):35–60.

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Citations of this work BETA
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Rational Reflection.David Christensen - 2010 - Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):121-140.
Respecting the Evidence.Richard Feldman - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):95–119.

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