Folk concepts of person and identity: A response to Nichols and Bruno

Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):96-122 (2016)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Nichols and Bruno claim that the folk judge that psychological continuity is necessary for personal identity. In this article, we evaluate this claim. First, we argue that it is likely that in thinking about hypothetical cases of transformations, the folk do not use a unitary concept of personal identity, but instead rely on different concepts of ‘person’, ‘identity’, and ‘individual’. Identity can be ascribed even when post-transformation individuals are no longer categorized as persons. Second, we provide new empirical evidence suggesting that the folk do not consider psychological continuity to be necessary for an individual to be categorized as a person or for ascribing identity over time and through transformations. In this, we assume, along with Nichols and Bruno, that folk judgments about identity can be read off the use of proper names. Furthermore, we raise some doubts about the ability of current experimental designs to adequately distinguish between qualitative and numerical identity jud..

Similar books and articles

Folk concepts and intuitions: From philosophy to cognitive science.Shaun Nichols - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (11):514-518.
Substance concepts and personal identity.Peter Nichols - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 150 (2):255-270.
Personal identity.R. G. Swinburne - 1974 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 74:231 - 247.
Identity, psychological continuity, and rationality.Dana E. Bushnell - 1993 - Journal of Philosophical Research 18:15-24.
Emergence and the Problem of Personal Identity.David Neuburger - 2013 - Dissertation, San Diego State University
Empathic access: The missing ingredient in personal identity.Marya Schechtman - 2001 - Philosophical Explorations 4 (2):95 – 111.
Disablement and personal identity.Steven D. Edwards - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):209-215.
The Moral Dimension in Locke's Account of Persons and Personal Identity.Ruth Boeker - 2014 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 31 (3):229-247.

Analytics

Added to PP
2014-11-19

Downloads
183 (#70,459)

6 months
10 (#87,698)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Vilius Dranseika
Jagiellonian University
Renatas Berniūnas
Vilnius University

References found in this work

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
What do philosophers believe?David Bourget & David J. Chalmers - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):465-500.
Reasons and Persons.Joseph Margolis - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.
Naming and Necessity.S. Kripke - 1972 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (4):665-666.

View all 19 references / Add more references