Springer Verlag (2015)

Gurol Irzik
Sabanci University
Nancy Nersessian
Harvard University
Ian Hacking
University of Toronto, St. George Campus
2 more
In 1877 Louis Paul Cailletet in France and Raoul Pictet in Switzerland liquefied oxygen in the form of a mist. The liquefaction of the first of the so-called permanent gases heralded the birth of low-temperature research and is often described in the literature as having started a ‘race’ for attaining progressively lower temperatures. In fact, between 1877 and 1908, when helium, the last of the permanent gases, was liquefied, there were many priority disputes—something quite characteristic of the emergence of a new research field. This paper examines Cailletet’s path to the liquefaction of oxygen, as well as a debate between him and the Polish physicist Zygmunt Wróblewski over the latter’s contribution to the liquefaction of gases
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ISBN(s) 978-3-319-14552-5
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-14553-2
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