The rubber hand illusion in a mirror

Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1108-1119 (2011)

In the rubber hand illusion one’s hand is hidden, and a fake hand is visible. We explored the situation in which visual information was available indirectly in a mirror. In the mirror condition, compared to the standard condition , we found no reduction of the RHI following synchronised stimulation, as measured by crossmanual pointing and by a questionnaire. We replicated the finding with a smaller mirror that prevented visibility of the face. The RHI was eliminated when a wooden block replaced the fake hand, or when the hand belonged to another person or mannequin. We conclude that awareness of the reflection is the critical variable, despite the distant visual localisation of the hand in a mirror and the third-person perspective. Stimuli seen in a mirror activate the same response as stimuli seen in peripersonal space, through knowledge that they are near one’s body
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2011.04.006
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On 'Being Faceless': Selfhood and Facial Embodiment.Jonathan Cole - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (5-6):5-6.

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