Hypatia 35 (4):733-758 (2020)

Authors
Nora Berenstain
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Abstract
Structural gaslighting arises when conceptual work functions to obscure the non-accidental connections between structures of oppression and the patterns of harm they produce and license. This paper examines the role that structural gaslighting plays in white feminist methodology and epistemology using Fricker’s (2007) discussion of hermeneutical injustice as an illustration. Fricker’s work produces structural gaslighting through several methods: i) the outright denial of the role that structural oppression plays in producing interpretive harm, ii) the use of single-axis conceptual resources to understand intersectional oppression, and iii) the failure to recognize the legacy of women of color’s epistemic resistance work surrounding the issue of sexual harassment in the workplace. I argue that Fricker’s whitewashed discussion of epistemic resistance to sexual harassment in the United States is a form of structural gaslighting that fails to treat women of color as knowers and exemplifies the strategic forgetting that is a central methodological tactic of white feminism.
Keywords white feminism  intersectionality  gaslighting  epistemic oppression  epistemic injustice  structural oppression  hermeneutical injustice  sexual harassment  willful ignorance  epistemic resistance
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Reprint years 2020
DOI 10.1017/hyp.2020.31
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References found in this work BETA

The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory.Marilyn Frye - 1983 - Trumansburg, NY: The Crossing Press.
Conceptualizing Epistemic Oppression.Kristie Dotson - 2014 - Social Epistemology 28 (2):115-138.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Metaphysics of Intersectionality Revisited.Holly Lawford-Smith & Kate Phelan - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
The Predicament of Patients.Havi Carel & Ian James Kidd - 2021 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 89:65-74.
‘Civility’ and the Civilizing Project.Nora Berenstain - 2020 - Philosophical Papers 49 (2):305-337.

View all 8 citations / Add more citations

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Epistemic Exploitation.Nora Berenstain - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3:569-590.
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A Critique of Hermeneutical Injustice.Laura Beeby - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (3pt3):479-486.
Gaslighting by Crowd.Karen C. Adkins - 2019 - Social Philosophy Today 35:75-87.

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