The open future, bivalence and assertion

Philosophical Studies 167 (2):251-271 (2014)

Authors
Anandi Hattiangadi
Stockholm University
Corine Besson
University of Sussex
Abstract
It is highly now intuitive that the future is open and the past is closed now—whereas it is unsettled whether there will be a fourth world war, it is settled that there was a first. Recently, it has become increasingly popular to claim that the intuitive openness of the future implies that contingent statements about the future, such as ‘There will be a sea battle tomorrow,’ are non-bivalent (neither true nor false). In this paper, we argue that the non-bivalence of future contingents is at odds with our pre-theoretic intuitions about the openness of the future. These intuitions are revealed by our pragmatic judgments concerning the correctness and incorrectness of assertions of future contingents. We argue that the pragmatic data together with a plausible account of assertion shows that in many cases we take future contingents to be true (or to be false), though we take the future to be open in relevant respects. It follows that appeals to intuition to support the non-bivalence of future contingents are untenable. Intuition favours bivalence
Keywords The open future  Bivalence  Norms of assertion  Indeterminacy
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2014
DOI 10.1007/s11098-012-0041-2
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 39,951
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Studies in the Way of Words.H. Paul Grice - 1989 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Knowledge and Practical Interests.Jason Stanley - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
Knowledge and Lotteries.John Hawthorne - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
Knowledge and its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Oxford University Press.

View all 35 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Presentism and Fatalism.Michael C. Rea - 2006 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (4):511 – 524.
Probability and the Open Future View.Alexander R. Pruss - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (2):190-196.
Past, Present, Future, and Special Relativity.Natasa Rakic - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):257-280.
Excluded Middle and Bivalence.TimothyJ Day - 1992 - Erkenntnis 37 (1):93 - 97.
The Truth About the Future.Jacek Wawer - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S3):365-401.
The Philosophical Case for Open Theism.Alan Rhoda - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (3-4):301-311.
The Open Past.Ned Markosian - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 79 (1):95 - 105.
Pragmatism and Bivalence.Cheryl Misak - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):171 – 179.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-01-04

Total views
493 ( #7,540 of 2,235,641 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
17 ( #41,046 of 2,235,641 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature