Consciousness and reflective consciousness

Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):205-218 (2005)
Mark Bickhard
Lehigh University
An interactive process model of the nature of representation intrinsically accounts for multiple emergent properties of consciousness, such as being a contentful experiential flow, from a situated and embodied point of view. A crucial characteristic of this model is that content is an internally related property of interactive process, rather than an externally related property as in all other contemporary models. Externally related content requires an interpreter, yielding the familiar regress of interpreters, along with a host of additional fatal problems. Further properties of consciousness, such as differentiated qualities of experience, including qualia, emerge with conscious reflection. In particular, qualia are not constituents or direct properties of consciousness per se. Assuming that they are so is a common and ultimately disastrous misconstrual of the problems of consciousness.
Keywords Awareness  Cognition  Consciousness  Epistemology  Reflection
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/09515080500169306
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 35,976
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

A Sensorimotor Account of Vision and Visual Consciousness.J. Kevin O'Regan & Alva Noë - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):883-917.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Interactivist Model.Mark H. Bickhard - 2009 - Synthese 166 (3):547 - 591.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Consciousness.Benny Shanon - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (2):137-51.
Consciousness and Self-Consciousness.Uriah Kriegel - 2004 - The Monist 87 (2):182-205.
The Subjectlessness of Self-Consciousness.Edward T. Bartlett - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:675-682.
Nibbanic (or Pure) Consciousness and Beyond.David Smith - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (3):475-491.
Hölderlin and Novalis.Richard Fincham - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 10:183-188.
Inner Time-Consciousness and Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness.Dan Zahavi - 2003 - In Donn Welton (ed.), The New Husserl: A Critical Reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 157-180.
Subcortical Regions and the Self.Georg Northoff - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):100-101.
Consciousness and Self-Reference.Arthur E. Falk - 1995 - Erkenntnis 43 (2):151-80.
Time, Thought, and Consciousness.J. Glicksohn & S. Lipperman-Kreda - 2007 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 28 (3-4):289-305.
A Question About Consciousness.Georges Rey - 1986 - In Herbert R. Otto & James A. Tuedio (eds.), Perspectives on Mind. Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Added to PP index

Total downloads
230 ( #22,098 of 2,293,908 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #255,053 of 2,293,908 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature