In Chris Smeenk & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Isaac Newton. Oxford University Press (2018)

Zvi Biener
University of Cincinnati
Newton’s Regulae philosophandi—the rules for reasoning in natural philosophy—are maxims of causal reasoning and induction. This essay reviews their significance for Newton’s method of inquiry, as well as their application to particular propositions within the Principia. Two main claims emerge. First, the rules are not only interrelated, they defend various facets of the same core idea: that nature is simple and orderly by divine decree, and that, consequently, human beings can be justified in inferring universal causes from limited phenomena, if only fallibly. Second, the rules make substantive ontological assumptions on which Newton’s argument in the Principia relies.
Keywords Isaac Newton  causal reasoning  induction  universal causes  method
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References found in this work BETA

On the Method of Theoretical Physics.Albert Einstein - 1934 - Philosophy of Science 1 (2):163-169.

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