Problems of Application of Detention of Asylum Seekers in the Practice of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania

Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (4):1407-1422 (2012)

Abstract
The question of detention of asylum seekers is specific due to the special situation of detainees (persons who have experienced human rights violations and apply for asylum in receiving country) and due to peculiarities of detention itself (persons have not committed crimes, but come or stay illegally because they have been forced to do so by fleeing from human rights violations). Therefore, lately it raises many discussions at the European level. Sooner or later, discussions influence national laws, as after adopting the EU directives their provisions must be properly transposed into national laws. This article describes the recent documents: the study in Lithuania, the UNHCR guidelines, the EU developments, the Lithuania judicial practice. The authors of the article discuss the latest amendments of the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens (entering into force on 1 February 2012) related to detention of asylum seekers after the transposition of the provisions of the Return Directive. The practice of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania when applying the new detention-related provisions is also reviewed in the article. The authors do not agree with the position of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania that the provisions of the Return Directive are applicable to asylum seekers. The authors pay attention to the case-law of the European Court of Justice, the preamble of the Return Directive and its legal relations with the EU asylum directives. At the end, the conclusions are drawn as to the way that the provisions of the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens should be interpreted in the light of the purposes and provisions of the European Union directives. In order to avoid contradictory practice and at the same time ensure the interests of public order in Lithuania, Article 113(7) of the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens could be applied
Keywords pabėgėlių teisė  grounds of detention  Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees  detention  įstatymas „Dėl užsieniečių teisinės padėties“  refugee law  Procedūrų direktyva  Return Directive  Procedures Directive  sulaikymas  asylum  asylum seekers  Reception Directive  prieglobstis  Priėmimo sąlygų direktyva  prieglobsčio prašytojai  sulaikymo pagrindai  Law on the Legal Status of Aliens  Grąžinimo direktyva  Konvencija dėl pabėgėlių statuso
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