Regulating Internal Protection Alternative as the Element of Refugee Definition in the EU Directive 2004/83/EC and its Recast Proposal (article in Lithuanian) [Book Review]


Abstract
Internal protection alternative (further—IPA) as the element of refugee definition is interpreted very differently in the practice of the State Parties to the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees (further—Geneva Convention). Thus it is important to regulate this concept clearly in the EC directive 2004/83/EB (further—Qualification directive) and its coming amendments. The definition of the IPA concept does not contain adequate criteria for assessing the level and effectiveness of protection required, in line with the Geneva Convention and the ECHR, thus allowing Member States to reject claims and return applicants to their country of origin despite the lack of effective protection. Moreover, this concept is defined in a broad and vague manner which creates a risk of diverse recognition practices
Keywords refugee definition  Qualification Directive  prieglobstis  ES direktyvos 2004/83/EB pakeitimo pasiūlymas  vidinės apsaugos alternatyva  pabėgėlio sąvoka  internal protection alternative  Kvalifikavimo direktyva  EC directive 2004/83/EC recast proposal  asylum
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