Philosophical Review 74 (4):423-448 (1965)

Abstract
This paper proposes a concept of "valid reasoning" that will apply univocally to reasoned judgment (inference), Reasoned decision (choice), And reasoned withholding of judgment and decision. "reasoning" is taken to include all these; "validity" of reasoning is defined in terms of the "ideally rational mind", Which is in turn defined by a modal logic of judging and deciding. The definition is defended by relating it to another ideal, That of the socratically omniscient and stoically omniscient sage, Who is defined by a modal logic of knowing and doing. In the course of this I distinguish between the vehicle and the description of a mental act, Deny that reasoning is a transition, Analyze doing as causing to be, And maintain that, Since doing stands to deciding as knowing stands to judging, Reasoned decision is genuinely practical reasoning
Keywords Analytic Philosophy  Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
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DOI 10.2307/2183122
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Instrumental Rationality.John Brunero & Niko Kolodny - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
¿Qué es la argumentación práctica?Julder Gómez - 2017 - Co-herencia 14 (27):215-243.
Formal Logic and Practical Reasoning.Bruce Aune - 1986 - Theory and Decision 20 (3):301-320.
Models for Multiply Modal Systems.M. K. Rennie - 1970 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 16 (2):175-186.

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