Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1753-1777 (2006)

Authors
Robert Bishop
Wheaton College, Illinois
Abstract
The role of contingent contexts in formulating relations between properties of systems at different descriptive levels is addressed. Based on the distinction between necessary and sufficient conditions for interlevel relations, a comprehensive classification of such relations is proposed, providing a transparent conceptual framework for discussing particular versions of reduction, emergence, and supervenience. One of these versions, contextual emergence, is demonstrated using two physical examples: molecular structure and chirality, and thermal equilibrium and temperature. The concept of stability is emphasized as a basic guiding principle of contextual property emergence
Keywords contextual emergence  contextual observables  molecular shape  temperature  topology  stability
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DOI 10.1007/s10701-006-9082-8
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The Unity of Science.Jordi Cat - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Downward Causation in Fluid Convection.Robert C. Bishop - 2008 - Synthese 160 (2):229 - 248.

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