Foundations of Chemistry 20 (3):169-189 (2018)

James Ladyman
University of Bristol
Geoffrey Blumenthal
University of Bristol
This is the second of a pair of papers, of which the first showed how each of the main late phlogistic theories effectively reached impasses due to internal problems or included features which made them unacceptable even to other phlogistians. This paper deals with theory comparison and theory change. It gives an unprecedentedly detailed comparison between the available theories in 1790–1791, and shows that this was overwhelmingly in favour of the new chemistry. This time period correlates well with many chemists changing to the new theory. There was a plurality of views held by individuals and there was freedom of individual choice concerning theories, yet there was also a widespread and rational change to the new chemistry.
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DOI 10.1007/s10698-017-9301-8
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The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1954 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Lavoisier and the Caloric Theory.Robert J. Morris - 1972 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (1):1-38.

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