In D. Frede & B. Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Symposium Hellenisticum. Cambridge University Press (2006)
ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the Stoic treatment of fallacies that are based on lexical ambiguities. It provides a detailed analysis of the relevant passages, lays bare textual and interpretative difficulties, explores what the Stoic view on the matter implies for their theory of language, and compares their view with Aristotle’s. In the paper I aim to show that, for the Stoics, fallacies of ambiguity are complexes of propositions and sentences and thus straddle the realms of meaning (which is the domain of logic) and of linguistic expressions (which is the domain of linguistics), but also involve a pragmatic element; that the Stoics believe that the premises of the fallacies, when uttered, have only one meaning and are true, and thus should be conceded; that hence there is no need for a mental process of disambiguation in the listeners; that Aristotle, by contrast, appears to assume that the premises always have all their meanings, and accordingly recommends that the listeners explicitly disambiguate them, which presupposes a process of mental disambiguation. I proffer two readings of the Stoic advice that we ‘be silent’ when confronted with a fallacy of ambiguity in dialectical discourse, and explicate how each leads to an overall consistent interpretation of the textual evidence. Finally, I demonstrate that the method advocated by the Stoics works in all cases of fallacies of lexical ambiguity.
|Keywords||Stoic dialectic ambiguity lexical ambiguity Aristotelian dialectic fallacies of ambiguity homonymy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Galen on Language and Ambiguity: An English Translation of Galen's "de Captionibus " with Introduction, Text, and Commentary. Galen - 1977 - Brill Academic.
Aristotle's De Interpretatione 8 is About Ambiguity.Susanne Bobzien - 2007 - In D. Scott (ed.), Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 301.
The Dialectic of Ambiguity : A Contribution to the Study of Argumentation.Jan Albert van Laar - unknown
How to Give Someone Horns. Paradoxes of Presupposition in Antiquity.Susanne Bobzien - 2012 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 15:159-84.
A Generalization of Specker's Theorem on Typical Ambiguity.Richard Kaye - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (2):458-466.
Ambiguity, Generality, and Indeterminacy: Tests and Definitions. [REVIEW]Brendan S. Gillon - 1990 - Synthese 85 (3):391 - 416.
The Ingredients of Aristotle's Theory of Fallacy.Pieter Sjoerd Hasper - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (1):31-47.
Hopes and Fears: The Conflicting Effects of Risk Ambiguity.W. Kip Viscusi & Harrell Chesson - 1999 - Theory and Decision 47 (2):157-184.
Added to index2012-10-29
Total downloads446 ( #4,710 of 2,164,286 )
Recent downloads (6 months)49 ( #4,928 of 2,164,286 )
How can I increase my downloads?