On the ontological status of plans and norms

Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (4):317-357 (2004)

Abstract
This article describes an ontological model of norms. The basic assumption is that a substantial part of a legal system is grounded on the concept of agency. Since a legal system aims at regulating a society, then its goal can be achieved only by affecting the behaviour of the members of the society. We assume that a society is made up of agents (which can be individuals, institutions, software programs, etc.), that agents have beliefs, goals and preferences, and that they commit to intentions in order to choose a line of behaviour. The role of norms, within a legal system, is to specify how and when the chosen behaviour agrees with the basic principles of the legal system. In this article, we show how a model based on plans can be the basis for the ontological representation of norms, which are expressed as constraints on the possible plans an agent may choose to guide its behaviour. Moreover, the paper describes how the proposed model can be linked to the upper level of a philosophically well-founded ontology (DOLCE); in this way, the model is set in a wider perspective, which opens the way to further developments.
Keywords legal knowledge representation  ontologies  planning  BDI agents
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10506-005-4158-x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 46,206
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Concept of Law.Hla Hart - 1961 - Oxford University Press.
Deontic Logic.G. H. von Wright - 1951 - Mind 60 (237):1-15.
I. Deontic Logic.G. H. von Wright - 1951 - Mind 60 (237):1-15.
The Concept of Law.H. L. A. HART - 1961 - Mind 71 (283):395-412.

View all 11 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Legal Reasons: Between Universalism and Particularism.María Redondo - 2005 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (1):47-68.
Economic Ethics and Institutional Change.Antonio Argandoña - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):191-201.
Legal Validity Qua Specific Mode of Existence.P. W. - 1997 - Law and Philosophy 16 (5):479-505.
Legal Validity Qua Specific Mode of Existence.Dick W. P. Ruiter - 1997 - Law and Philosophy 16 (5):479 - 505.
A Theory of Legal Reasoning and a Logic to Match.Jaap Hage - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (3-4):199-273.
Legal Authority as a Social Fact.Michael Baurmann - 2000 - Law and Philosophy 19 (2):247-262.
Autonomous Agents with Norms.Frank Dignum - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (1):69-79.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
49 ( #180,466 of 2,285,631 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #577,262 of 2,285,631 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature