Trans/Form/Ação 39 (3):121-148 (2016)

Abstract
RESUMO: O artigo tem por objetivo analisar a ontologia social realista proposta por John Searle através da ótica da arqueologia das ciências humanas de Foucault. A ideia é verificar se a ontologia de Searle consegue escapar dos duplos identificados por Foucault no capítulo 9 de "As Palavras e as Coisas", de 1966. A conclusão é que a ontologia de base naturalista proposta por Searle não consegue escapar destes duplos, padecendo, portanto, da mesma circularidade que caracteriza a fundamentação das ciências humanas. Por fim, apresentam-se dois possíveis programas de pesquisa baseados na ontologia social de Searle que poderiam possivelmente fundamentar adequadamente sua ontologia social. ABSTRACT: The article aims to analyze John Searle's realist social ontology through Foucault's archaeology of human sciences. The idea is to check if Searle's ontology can escape the doubles identified by Foucault in chapter 9 of 1966's "The Order of Things". The conclusion is that Searle's naturalist-based social ontology cannot escape those doubles, suffering, therefore, from the same circularity which characterizes the human sciences. Finally, we present two possible research programs based on Searle's ontology which could possibly and adequately base his social ontology.
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DOI 10.1590/S0101-31732016000300008
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