Undefeated dualism

Philosophical Studies 165 (2):445-466 (2013)
Authors
Tomas Bogardus
Pepperdine University
Abstract
In the standard thought experiments, dualism strikes many philosophers as true, including many non-dualists. This ‘striking’ generates prima facie justification: in the absence of defeaters, we ought to believe that things are as they seem to be, i.e. we ought to be dualists. In this paper, I examine several proposed undercutting defeaters for our dualist intuitions. I argue that each proposal fails, since each rests on a false assumption, or requires empirical evidence that it lacks, or overgenerates defeaters. By the end, our prima facie justification for dualism remains undefeated. I close with one objection concerning the dialectical role of rebutting defeaters, and I argue that the prospects for a successful rebutting defeater for our dualist intuitions are dim. Since dualism emerges undefeated, we ought to believe it.
Keywords Dualism  Intuition  Phenomenal conservatism  Defeaters  Mind–body problem  Phenomenal concepts  Explanatory gap  Physicalism  Materialism  Reduction
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-012-9962-z
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References found in this work BETA

Naming and Necessity.Saul Kripke - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
Compassionate Phenomenal Conservatism.Michael Huemer - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):30–55.
Naming and Necessity.Saul Kripke - 1980 - In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 431-433.
The Philosophical Writings of Descartes.René Descartes - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.

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