Justification of Induction: Russell and Jin Yuelin. A Comparative Study

History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (4):353-378 (2012)
Jin Yuelin (1895?1984), a Chinese logician and philosopher, is greatly influenced by Hume's and Russell's philosophies. How should we respond to Hume's problem of induction? This is an important clue to understand Jin's whole philosophical career. The first section of this paper gives a brief historical review of Russell and Jin. The second section outlines Hume's skeptical arguments against causality and induction. The third section expounds Russell's justification of induction by discussing his views on Hume's skepticism, causality, principle of induction, and empirical postulates. The fourth section clarifies Jin's justification of induction by discussing his critique of Hume's epistemology and his arguments for the reliability of causality and the eternal truth and apriority of the principle of induction. The final section compares Jin's justification of induction with Russell's and concludes that there are similarities and differences between their projects and that both their attempts fail. This paper takes the similar responses to the problem of induction by Jin and Russell to demonstrate the communication that there has been between Chinese philosophers and the Western ones
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DOI 10.1080/01445340.2012.680703
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Principles of Mathematics.Bertrand Russell - 1903 - Cambridge University Press.
My Philosophical Development.Bertrand Russell - 1959 - London: Allen & Unwin.
A History of Western Philosophy.Bertrand Russell - 1947 - Mind 56 (222):151-166.
Russell.R. M. Sainsbury - 1979 - Routledge.

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