International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):255 - 278 (2011)
This article outlines a philosophy of science in practice that focuses on the engineering sciences. A methodological issue is that these practices seem to be divided by two different styles of scientific reasoning, namely, causal-mechanistic and mathematical reasoning. These styles are philosophically characterized by what Kuhn called ?disciplinary matrices?. Due to distinct metaphysical background pictures and/or distinct ideas of what counts as intelligible, they entail distinct ideas of the character of phenomena and what counts as a scientific explanation. It is argued that the two styles cannot be reduced to each other. At the same time, although they are incompatible, they must not be regarded as competing. Instead, they produce different kinds of epistemic results, which serve different kinds of epistemic functions. Moreover, some scientific breakthroughs essentially result from relating them. This view of complementary styles of scientific reasoning is supported by pluralism about metaphysical background pictures
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation.James Woodward - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
What is Scientific Progress? Lessons From Scientific Practice.Moti Mizrahi - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (2):375-390.
Similar books and articles
From Hacking’s Plurality of Styles of Scientific Reasoning to “Foliated” Pluralism: A Philosophically Robust Form of Ontologico-Methodological Pluralism.Stéphanie Ruphy - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1212-1222.
Interweaving Categories: Styles, Paradigms, and Models.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):628-639.
Diagrammatic Models in the Engineering Sciences.Mieke Boon - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (2):127-142.
An Obstacle to Unification in Biological Social Science: Formal and Compositional Styles of Science.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2005 - Graduate Journal of Social Science 2 (2):40-100.
Continuous Grey Scales Versus Sharp Contrasts: Styles of Representation in Italian Clinical Cytogenetics Laboratories. [REVIEW]Mauro Turrini - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (1):1-25.
Developmental Issues in Model-Based Reasoning During Childhood.Patricia H. Miller - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (2):49-58.
Ayahuasca as Antidepressant? Psychedelics and Styles of Reasoning in Psychiatry.Brian T. Anderson - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):44-59.
Kinds of Thinking, Styles of Reasoning.Michael A. Peters - 2007 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (4):350–363.
Ethics, Ecology and Development: Styles of Ethics and Styles of Agriculture. [REVIEW]Charles V. Blatz - 1992 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (1):59-85.
Added to index2011-10-02
Total downloads29 ( #169,611 of 2,143,564 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #386,855 of 2,143,564 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.