Amending and defending Critical Contextual Empiricism

Abstract
In Science as Social Knowledge in 1990 and The Fate of Knowledge in 2002, Helen Longino develops an epistemological theory known as Critical Contextual Empiricism (CCE). Knowledge production, she argues, is an active, value-laden practice, evidence is context dependent and relies on background assumptions, and science is a social inquiry that, under certain conditions, produces social knowledge with contextual objectivity. While Longino’s work has been generally well-received, there have been a number of criticisms of CCE raised in the philosophical literature in recent years. In this paper I outline the key elements of Longino’s theory and propose modifications to the four norms offered by the account. The version of CCE I defend, which draws on lessons learned by medical researchers in recent years, gives principles of epistemic diversity a central role and also provides greater specification of three of the four norms. Further, it offers additional resources for defending CCE against Alvin Goldman’s suggestion that there is a need for a “healthy dogmatism” in science, as well as a concern about “manufactured uncertainty” arising out of recent work by David Michaels. Finally, the modified version proposed here is also well positioned to respond (negatively) to a suggestion from Kristen Intemann that CCE needs to be adapted to incorporate a central insight from feminist standpoint theory. In light of the variety of social pressures influencing contemporary scientific research, and the role of science in shaping public policy, I argue that a rigorous social epistemology such as CCE is indispensable for understanding and assessing contemporary scientific practice
Keywords Critical Contextual Empiricism  Feminist epistemology  Social epistemology  Medical research  Helen Longino  Alvin Goldman  David Michaels  Kristen Intemann
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s13194-011-0035-5
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,157
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
The Fate of Knowledge.Helen Longino - 2002 - Princeton University Press.

View all 15 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
A Critical Context for Longino's Critical Contextual Empiricism.Miriam Solomon & Alan Richardson - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):211-222.
Constructive Empiricism and the Vices of Voluntarism.Paul Dicken - 2009 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (2):189 – 201.
Hume Reads Freud: Empiricism as Rhetorical Event.R. Ferrell - 2003 - Critical Horizons 4 (2):265-280.
The Epistemology of African Philosophy.Omedi Ochieng - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (3):337-359.
Against Value Empiricism in Aesthetics.James Shelley - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):707-720.
On Not Strengthening Intuitionistic Logic.N. D. Belnap, H. Leblanc & R. H. Thomason - 1963 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (4):313-320.
In Defense of Nativism.Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):693-718.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2011-09-17

Total downloads

64 ( #82,402 of 2,171,922 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #173,715 of 2,171,922 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums