The Importance of Orienting Attitudes in the Perception of the Hering and Zollner Illusions


Abstract
By analyzing descriptions of illusory and nonillusory figures, Richer called into question the common assumption that illusory and nonillusory perceptions were experientially the same and differed only in terms of their accuracy. The present study attempted to replicate Richer's work with a focus on identifying within the subjects' descriptions any orienting attitudes corresponding to these two forms of perception. Nineteen student volunteers were asked to describe two illusory figures and a nonillusory control of similar complexity. The descriptions revealed consistent differences between the two forms. However, the Hering and Zollner figures were not always described in illusory terms, and surprisingly, several subjects described the control as if it were illusory. Further, perceptual accuracy was not guaranteed by nonillusory experience. Subjects described the figures from within one of three different orienting attitudes-atomizing, representational, and geometrical-organizing. The latter attitude appeared necessary for the phenomena of illusory perception and experience. Though the present findings confirmed Richer's distinction between illusory and nonillusory experience, they also indicate the need for further differentiation- illusory perception versus illusory experience. Finally, the findings also supported Luria's and Segall, Campbell, and Herskovits's position on the importance of particular cultural and educational experiences and codes in relation to perceptual illusions
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DOI 10.1163/156916293X00125
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References found in this work BETA

Gestalt Law in Phenomenological Perspective.Dorion Cairns & Lester Embree - 1979 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 10 (1):18-32.
A Phenomenological Analysis of the Perception of Geometric Illusions.Paul Richer - 1977 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 8 (2):123-135.
The Physiognomy of the Mueller-Lyer Figure.Richard J. Alapack - 1971 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 2 (1):27-47.

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