Are We Living in a Computer Simulation?

Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):243-255 (2003)

Authors
Nick Bostrom
Oxford University
Abstract
This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a "posthuman" stage; any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history ; we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are currently living in a simulation. A number of other consequences of this result are also discussed.
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DOI 10.1111/1467-9213.00309
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The Mathematical Universe.Max Tegmark - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (2):101-150.
The Matrix as Metaphysics.David J. Chalmers - 2005 - In Christopher Grau (ed.), Philosophers Explore the Matrix. Oxford University Press. pp. 132.

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