David Botting
De La Salle University (PhD)
We often say things like “Even though X, Y” or “In spite of Y, X”. What do we mean when we say things like this? What does it imply about the reasons involved? I will argue that there are at least some cases, namely when they are used in the conclusions of conductive arguments, where it should be seen as modifying our expression of X and indicating a certain kind of affect towards X, and this is characteristic of conductive arguments. Showing that there are such uses thus shows that there are conductive arguments, or at least arguments with this characteristic feature, and, conversely, it will be shown that it is by taking the reasoning to be conductive that we can best make sense of these uses. I do not intend a comprehensive survey of all possible uses of “even though” or of all accounts of conductive arguments that have been given.
Keywords ambivalence  conductive arguments  detachment  discounting expressions  moral reasoning  moral remainders
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DOI 10.2478/slgr-2018-0034
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References found in this work BETA

Two Faces of Responsibility.Gary Watson - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (2):227-248.
Challenge and Response: Justification in Ethics.Carl Wellman - 1971 - Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Challenge and Response: Justification in Ethics.Marcus Singer - 1971 - Philosophical Review 83 (2):254-259.
Are Conductive Arguments Possible?Jonathan Adler - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (3):245-257.
A Defense of Conduction: A Reply to Adler.J. Anthony Blair - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (2):109-128.

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