Logic and Logical Philosophy 27 (1):105-141 (2018)

David Botting
De La Salle University (PhD)
In this paper I will argue that most objections to deductive analyses of a priori analogies are incorrect, often involve basic misinterpretations of what the deductive reconstruction of those arguments are saying, and sometimes also betray a confusion about what part of the reasoning corresponds to the analogical inference. In particular, I will be focusing on a raft of objections made by Juthe in [2015] and subject his alternative views to criticism. I will then argue that Juthe does implicitly have a good argument against deductivism: adding further analogues seems to have a cumulative force that they would not have on a deductivist analysis. This is so not only in ordinary analogical arguments but, perhaps surprisingly, with a priori analogical arguments. I will then argue that this does not favor a sui generis view of the analogical argument over inductivist views, and attempt to show that a confirmation-theoretic approach to analogical inference makes the best sense of our intuitions about the strength of analogical arguments.
Keywords arguments by analogy  a priori analogy  deductivism  complex analogies  inferential strength
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DOI 10.12775/LLP.2017.011
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References found in this work BETA

The Problem of the Criterion.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1973 - Milwaukee, Marquette University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

­A Defense of Analogy Inference as Sui Generis.André Lars Joen Juthe - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.

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