Individual beliefs and collective beliefs in sciences and philosophy: The plural subject and the polyphonic subject accounts: Case studies

Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (3):382-407 (2004)
Abstract
The issue of knowing what it means for a group to have collective beliefs is being discussed more and more in contemporary philosophy of the social sciences and philosophy of mind. Margaret Gilbert’s reconsideration of Durkheim’s viewpoint in the framework of the plural subject’s account is one of the most famous. This has implications in the history and the sociology of science—as well asin the history and sociology of philosophy—although Gilbert only outlined them in the former fields and said nothing about the latter. Symmetrically but independently, a historian of science, Mara Beller, has recently challenged Kuhn’s conception of the role of consensus in sciences in a brilliant analysis by carefully studying the history of Copenhagen School of Quantum Mechanics. Not only does she show the role of disagreement and controversies (doubting whether there was any collective belief characteristic in this group of physicists), but she even shakes up the very idea of individual beliefs. Each scientist (Heisenberg, Bohr, etc.) could be seen as divided into several selves. This paper contends that these two conceptions open important new horizons in several domains, especially if they are linked together. The paper assesses this claim in the light of empirical examples like the Vienna Circle, Copenhagen School, and, eventually, Cartesian philosophy. Key Words: plural subject • polyphony • collective briefs • Cartesian argumentation.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1177/0048393103260772
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 26,655
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
Group Justification in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2010 - Episteme 7 (3):215-231.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Collective Epistemic Goals.Don Fallis - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):267 – 280.
On the Collective Subjects in Epistemology: The Marxist Case and a Problem for the African Viewpoint.Leszek Nowak - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 88 (1):117-128.
Collective Guilt and Collective Guilt Feelings.Margaret Gilbert - 2002 - Journal of Ethics 6 (2):115-143.
Collective Epistemic Virtues.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):281 – 297.
Collective Belief and Acceptance.K. Brad Wray - 2001 - Synthese 129 (3):319-33.
We and the Plural Subject.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):235-259.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

57 ( #90,808 of 2,158,205 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

6 ( #53,473 of 2,158,205 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums