Representing non-citizens: a proposal for the inclusion of all affected interests

Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (5):747-768 (2022)
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Abstract

This article defends the normative relevance of the representation of non-citizens in democracies. I argue that representation within nation-states constitutes a realistic institutionalisation of the All-Affected Principle, allowing justificatory practices towards non-citizens and establishing political institutions that can realise the ideal of inclusion of all externally affected individuals. I defend electoral, non-electoral and surrogate forms of representation of affected interests that satisfy both the cosmopolitan concern for the equal consideration of interests and the statist defence of the importance of a territorially and civically bounded demos. I assess piecemeal implementations of representation practices, namely reciprocal representation, ombudspersons, self-appointed representatives and deliberative and advocacy groups. Gradual and pluralised means of representation constitute necessary and feasible first steps to consider affected interests and offer an alternative route to an all-or-nothing defence of inclusion as national enfranchisement.

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Citations of this work

Nonhuman animals and the all affected interests principle.Pablo Magaña - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
A(nother) democratic case for federalism.Michael Da Silva - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.

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References found in this work

Democratic Theory and Border Coercion.Arash Abizadeh - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (1):37-65.
Enfranchising all affected interests, and its alternatives.Robert E. Goodin - 2007 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (1):40–68.
The Concept of Representation.Hanna Fenichel Pitkin - 1967 - University of California Press.
Democracy's Domain.David Miller - 2009 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (3):201-228.

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