Philosophy of Science 85 (3):403-421 (2018)

Nora Mills Boyd
University of Pittsburgh (PhD)
Traditionally, empiricism has relied on the specialness of human observation, yet science is rife with sophisticated instrumentation and techniques. The present article advances a conception of empirical evidence applicable to actual scientific practice. I argue that this conception elucidates how the results of scientific research can be repurposed across diverse epistemic contexts: it helps to make sense of how evidence accumulates across theory change, how different evidence can be amalgamated and used jointly, and how the same evidence can be used to constrain competing theories in the service of breaking local underdetermination.
Keywords empiricism  evidence  data  metadata  theory change  underdetermination  accumulation  constraints  astronomy  cosmology
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DOI 10.1086/697747
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Two Dogmas of Empiricism.Willard V. O. Quine - 1951 - Philosophical Review 60 (1):20–43.
The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1954 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Data models, representation and adequacy-for-purpose.Alisa Bokulich & Wendy Parker - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-26.
Theory and Observation in Science.Jim Bogen - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Isabelle F. Peschard and Bas C. van Fraassen (Eds.): The Experimental Side of Modeling.Adrian Currie - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (3):499-502.
The Systemic Concept of Contextual Truth.Andrzej Bielecki - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-18.

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