Powers of the Mind

In Elizabeth M. Nuncio (ed.), Personal Development. Anvil Publishing, Inc. pp. 61–81 (2016)

Authors
Robert James M. Boyles
De La Salle University
Jeremiah Joven Joaquin
De La Salle University
Mark Anthony Dacela
De La Salle University
Abstract
This article is a general introduction to the psychology of reasoning. Specifically, it focuses on the dual process theory of human cognition. Proponents of the said two-system view hold that human cognition involves two processes (viz., System 1 and System 2). System 1 is an automatic, intuitive thinking process where judgments and reasoning rely on fast thinking and ready-to-hand data. On the other hand, System 2 is a slow, logical cognitive process where our judgments and reasoning rely on reflective, careful analysis and data evaluation. Supposedly, these two cognitive processes are at play in every thinking task, and they sometimes work together and sometimes go against each other.
Keywords psychology of reasoning  dual process theory  brain lateralization  personal development
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