In Hans van Eyghen, Rik Peels & Gijsbert van den Brink (eds.), New Developments in the Cognitive Science of Religion: The Rationality of Religious Belief. Springer. pp. 171-198 (2018)
AbstractWhat are the epistemological implications of the cognitive science of religion (CSR)? The lion’s share of discussion fixates on whether CSR undermines (or debunks or explains away) theistic belief. But could the field offer positive support for theism? If so, how? That is our question. Our answer takes the form of an evidential argument for theism from standard models and research in the field. According to CSR, we are naturally disposed to believe in supernatural agents and these beliefs are constrained in certain ways. The three main theories of this supernatural disposition are byproduct theories, adaptationist theories, and hybrid theories. We argue that our supernatural disposition—as understood by any of the main theories—is more surprising and improbable given naturalism than theism and thus serves as evidence for theism over naturalism.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.
Citations of this work
Cognitive Science of Religion and Classical Theism: A Synthesis.Tyler McNabb & Michael DeVito - 2022 - Religions 13.
Morality as an Evolutionary Exaptation.Marcus Arvan - 2021 - In Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz (eds.), Empirically Engaged Evolutionary Ethics. Springer - Synthese Library. pp. 89-109.
The Epistemic Parity of Religious-Apologetic and Religion-Debunking Responses to the Cognitive Science of Religion.Walter Scott Stepanenko - 2021 - Religions 12 (7):466.
Similar books and articles
Cognitive Science of Religion and Folk Theistic Belief.Daniel Lim - 2016 - Zygon 51 (4):949-965.
Biblical and Theistic Arguments Against the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Petteri Nieminen, Maarten Boudry, Esko Ryökäs & Anne-Mari Mustonen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):9-23.
Does the Evidence Confirm Theism More Than Naturalism?Michael Martin - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 16 (3):257 - 262.
God, Design, and Naturalism: Implications of Methodological Naturalism in Science for Science–Religion Relation.Piotr Bylica & Dariusz Sagan - 2008 - Pensamiento 64 (242):621-38.
On What God Would Do.Rob Lovering - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (2):87-104.
How Not to Render an Explanatory Version of the Evidential Argument From Evil Immune to Skeptical Theism.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion (3):1-8.
Does Skeptical Theism Lead to Moral Skepticism?Jeff Jordan - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):403 - 417.
The Cognitive Science of Religion: Implications for Theism?David Leech & Aku Visala - 2011 - Zygon 46 (1):47-64.