Asymmetries in Benefiting, Harming and Creating

The Journal of Ethics 17 (1-2):37-49 (2013)

Authors
Ben Bradley
Syracuse University
Abstract
It is often said that while we have a strong reason not to create someone who will be badly off, we have no strong reason for creating someone who will be well off. In this paper I argue that this asymmetry is incompatible with a plausible principle of independence of irrelevant alternatives, and that a more general asymmetry between harming and benefiting is difficult to defend. I then argue that, contrary to what many have claimed, it is possible to harm or benefit someone by bringing her into existence
Keywords Asymmetry  Creation  Existence  Harm  Independence of irrelevant alternatives  Well-being
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DOI 10.1007/s10892-012-9134-6
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References found in this work BETA

Well-Being and Death.Ben Bradley - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
Rationality and Freedom.Amartya Sen - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (1):182-183.
The Open Society and its Enemies.Karl R. Popper - 1966 - London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Weighing Lives.John Broome - 2004 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Comparative Harm, Creation and Death.Neil Feit - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (2):136-163.
In Defense of Artificial Replacement.Derek Shiller - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (2):393-399.

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