Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):153-170 (2005)

Abstract
Millstein [Bio. Philos. 17 (2002) 33] correctly identies a serious problem with the view that natural selection and random drift are not conceptually distinct. She offers a solution to this problem purely in terms of differences between the processes of selection and drift. I show that this solution does not work, that it leaves the vast majority of real biological cases uncategorized. However, I do think there is a solution to the problem she raises, and I offer it here. My solution depends on solving the biological analogue of the reference class problem in probability theory and on the reality of individual fitnesses.
Keywords Drift  Fitness  Indeterminism  Natural selection  Selective homogeneity and heterogeneity
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Reprint years 2005
DOI 10.1007/s10539-004-1070-9
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Biological Science.Alexander Rosenberg - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
The Taming of Chance.Ian Hacking - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Not a Sure Thing: Fitness, Probability, and Causation.Denis M. Walsh - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):147-171.
A Critical Review of the Statisticalist Debate.Jun Otsuka - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (4):459-482.
Really Statistical Explanations and Genetic Drift.Marc Lange - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (2):169-188.
The Principle of Drift: Biology’s First Law.Robert N. Brandon - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (7):319-335.

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