The ongoing charity of organ donation. Contemporary English sunni fatwas on organ donation and blood transfusion
Background: Empirical studies in Muslim communities on organ donation and blood transfusion show that Muslim counsellors play an important role in the decision process. Despite the emerging importance of online English Sunni fatwas, these fatwas on organ donation and blood transfusion have hardly been studied, thus creating a gap in our knowledge of contemporary Islamic views on the subject. Method: We analysed 70 English Sunni e-fatwas and subjected them to an in-depth text analysis in order to reveal the key concepts in the Islamic ethical framework regarding organ donation and blood transfusion. Results: All 70 fatwas allow for organ donation and blood transfusion. Autotransplantation is no problem at all if done for medical reasons. Allotransplantation, both from a living and a dead donor, appears to be possible though only in quite restricted ways. Xenotransplantation is less often mentioned but can be allowed in case of necessity. Transplantation in general is seen as an ongoing form of charity. Nearly half of the fatwas allowing blood transfusion do so without mentioning any restriction or problem whatsoever. The other half of the fatwas on transfusion contain the same conditional approval as found in the arguments pro organ transplantation. Conclusion: Our findings are very much in line with the international literature on the subject. We found two new elements: debates on the definition of the moment of death are hardly mentioned in the English Sunni fatwas and organ donation and blood transfusion are presented as an ongoing form of charity.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ethical Debate Over Organ Donation in the Context of Brain Death.Mary Jiang Bresnahan & Kevin Mahler - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (2):54-60.
Reevaluating the Dead Donor Rule.Mike Collins - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):1-26.
Response to “Intrafamilial Organ Donation Is Often an Altruistic Act” by Aaron Spital and “Donor Benefit Is the Key to Justified Living Organ Donation,” by Aaron Spital : Motivation, Risk, and Benefit in Living Organ Donation: A Reply to Aaron Spital. [REVIEW]Walter Glannon & Lainie Friedman Ross - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):191-194.
An Antidote to the Emerging Two Tier Organ Donation Policy in Canada: The Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program.S. Giles - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (4):188-191.
Organ Procurement Organizations Internet Enrollment for Organ Donation: Abandoning Informed Consent. [REVIEW]Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Joan McGregor - 2006 - BMC Medical Ethics 7 (14):1-9.
Earning Points for Moral Behavior.André Krom - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):73-83.
Gender Imbalance in Living Organ Donation.Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):199-203.
Sharing Our Body and Blood: Organ Donation and Feminist Critiques of Sacrifice.Ann Mongoven - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):89 – 114.
Religio-Ethical Discussions on Organ Donation Among Muslims in Europe: An Example of Transnational Islamic Bioethics. [REVIEW]Mohammed Ghaly - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):207-220.
The Ongoing Charity of Organ Donation. Contemporary English Sunni Fatwas on Organ Donation and Blood Transfusion.Stef van den Branden & Bert Broeckaert - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (3):167 - 175.
Added to index2009-12-01
Total downloads21 ( #236,831 of 2,168,605 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #346,836 of 2,168,605 )
How can I increase my downloads?