Individualism, externalism and idiolectical meaning

Synthese 152 (1):95-128 (2006)
Authors
Robert Briscoe
Ohio University
Abstract
Semantic externalism in contemporary philosophy of language typically – and often tacitly – combines two supervenience claims about idiolectical meaning (i.e., meaning in the language system of an individual speaker). The first claim is that the meaning of a word in a speaker’s idiolect may vary without any variation in her intrinsic, physical properties. The second is that the meaning of a word in a speaker’s idiolect may vary without any variation in her understanding of its use. I here show that a conception of idiolectical meaning is possible that accepts the “anti-internalism” of the first claim while rejecting (what I shall refer to as) the “anti-individualism” of the second. According to this conception, externally constituted idiolectical meaning supervenes on idiolectical understanding.
Keywords Externalism  Idiolect  Individualism  Logic  Meaning  Recognition  Semantics  Putnam, Hilary
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-005-1333-2
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