Depiction, Pictorial Experience, and Vision Science

Philosophical Topics 44 (2):43-81 (2016)
Authors
Robert Briscoe
Ohio University
Abstract
Pictures are 2D surfaces designed to elicit 3D-scene-representing experiences from their viewers. In this essay, I argue that philosophers have tended to underestimate the relevance of research in vision science to understanding the nature of pictorial experience. Both the deeply entrenched methodology of virtual psychophysics as well as empirical studies of pictorial space perception provide compelling support for the view that pictorial experience and seeing face-to-face are experiences of the same psychological, explanatory kind. I also show that an empirically informed account of pictorial experience provides resources to develop a novel, resemblance-based account of depiction. According to what I call the deep resemblance theory, pictures work by presenting virtual models of objects and scenes in phenomenally 3D, pictorial space.
Keywords Depiction  Pictorial Representation  Pictorial Space  Resemblance  Virtual Psychophysics  Iconic Representation  Iconicity  Cartographic Representation  Pictures  Images
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ISBN(s) 0276-2080
DOI 10.5840/philtopics201644217
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Mirrors and Misleading Appearances.Vivian Mizrahi - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-14.
Threefoldness.Bence Nanay - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):163-182.
Depicting Depictions.René Jagnow - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):453-479.

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