Direct and indirect belief


Authors
Curtis Brown
Trinity University
Abstract
Belief states are only contingently connected with the objects of belief. Burge's examples show that the same belief state can be associated with different objects of belief. Kripke's puzzle shows that the same object of belief can be associated with different belief states. Nevertheless, belief states can best be characterized by a subset of the propositions one believes, namely those one directly or immediately believes. The rest of the things one believes are believed indirectly, by virtue of one's direct beliefs. This distinction sheds light on Kripke's puzzle, the problem of the contingent a priori, and the problem of logical omniscience.
Keywords belief state  object of belief  Kripke's puzzle  contingent a priori
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DOI 10.2307/2107937
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