Abstract
Non-therapeutic research on children raises ethical concerns. Such research is not only conducted on individuals who are incapable of providing informed consent. It also typically involves some degree of risk or discomfort, without prospects of medically benefiting the participating children. Therefore, these children seem to be instrumentalized. Some ethicists, however, have tried to sidestep this problem by arguing that the children may indirectly benefit from participating in such research, in ways not related to the medical intervention as such. It has been argued, for example, that non-therapeutic pediatric research does not instrumentalize the children enrolled since it has the prospects of furthering their moral development. We argue that this argument is far too undeveloped to be taken seriously
Keywords Instrumentalization  Exploitation  Research ethics  Pediatric research  Indirect benefit  Non-therapeutic research  Children  Minors  Moral development
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DOI 10.1007/s11019-013-9486-0
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On What Matters: Two-Volume Set.Derek Parfit - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
Defining and Describing Benefit Appropriately in Clinical Trials.Nancy M. P. King - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (4):332-343.

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