Thom Brooks
Durham University
The punishment of criminals is a topic of long-standing philosophical interest since the ancient Greeks. This interest has focused on several considerations, including the justification of punishment, who should be permitted to punish, and how we might best set punishments for crimes. This entry focuses on the most important contributions in this field. The focus will be on specific theoretical approaches to punishment including both traditional theories of punishment (retributivism, deterrence, rehabilitation) and more contemporary alternatives (expressivism, restorative justice, hybrid theories, unified theories) with an additional section on capital punishment, perhaps the particular form of punishment that has received the most sustained philosophical attention. These theories of punishment address two important questions: first, who should be permitted to punish and, secondly, who should be permitted to be punished. These questions then concern the justification of punishment and its distribution. While the majority today often identifies their theories as retributivist, there is a great diversity of theories defended. This entry will highlight the leading work for each view.
Keywords Punishment  Retribution  Deterrence  Rehabilitation  Communicative Theory  Expressivism  Restorative Justice  Unified Theory  Unified Theory of Punishment
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Reprint years 2012
Call number K5103.B76 2012
ISBN(s) 9780415431811   0415431816
DOI 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625741.003.0004
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Punitive Intent.Nathan Hanna - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (2):655 - 669.
Punishing the Oppressed and the Standing to Blame.Andy Engen - 2020 - Res Philosophica 97 (2):271-295.
Perp Walks as Punishment.Bill Wringe - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (3):615-629.

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