Subliminal food images compromise superior working memory performance in women with restricting anorexia nervosa
Samantha J. Brooks, Owen G. O’Daly, Rudolf Uher, Helgi B. Schiöth, Janet Treasure & Iain C. Campbell
Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):751-763 (2012)
AbstractPrefrontal cortex is dysregulated in women with restricting anorexia nervosa . It is not known whether appetitive non-conscious stimuli bias cognitive responses in those with RAN. Thirteen women with RAN and 20 healthy controls completed a dorsolateral PFC working memory task and an anterior cingulate cortex conflict task, while masked subliminal food, aversive and neutral images were presented. During the DLPFC task, accuracy was higher in the RAN compared to the HC group, but superior performance was compromised when subliminal food stimuli were presented: errors positively correlated with self-reported trait anxiety in the RAN group. These effects were not observed in the ACC task. Appetitive activation is intact and anxiogenic in women with RAN, and non-consciously interacts with working memory processes associated with the DLPFC. This interaction mechanism may underlie cognitive inhibition of appetitive processes that are anxiety inducing, in people with AN
Similar books and articles
Eating Disorders Among Women: An Historical Review of the Literature From a Women's History Perspective. [REVIEW]Sara Alpern - 1990 - Agriculture and Human Values 7 (3-4):47-55.
Anorexia Nervosa: The Illusion of Power, Perfection, and Purity.Emily Caroline Martin-Hondros - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):19-26.
Anorexia Nervosa and the Language of Authenticity.Tony Hope, Jacinta Tan, Anne Stewart & Ray Fitzpatrick - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (6):19-29.
Treatment Refusal in Anorexia Nervosa: The Hardest of Cases: Commentary on “Anorexia Nervosa: The Diagnosis: A Postmodern Ethics Contribution to the Bioethics Debate on Involuntary Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa” by Sacha Kendall.Christopher James Ryan & Sascha Callaghan - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):43-45.
The Incredible Complexity of Being? Degrees of Influence, Coercion, and Control of the “Autonomy” of Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa Patients: Commentary on “Anorexia Nervosa: The Diagnosis: A Postmodern Ethics Contribution to the Bioethics Debate on Involuntary Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa” by Sacha Kendall.Terry Carney - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):41-42.
The Fisherman and the Assassin: Reflections on Anorexia Nervosa.Simona Giordano - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):163-167.
Anorexia Nervosa and the Body Uncanny: A Phenomenological Approach.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (1):81-91.
To Be or Not Be a Woman: Anorexia Nervosa, Normative Gender Roles, and Feminism.Mary Briody Mahowald - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (2):233-251.
Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa.Simona Giordano - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
The Role of Working Memory for Cognitive Control in Anorexia Nervosa Versus Substance Use Disorder.Samantha J. Brooks, Sabina G. Funk, Susanne Y. Young & Helgi B. Schiöth - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
A Review of Attention Biases in Women with Eating Disorders. [REVIEW]Vandana Aspen, Alison M. Darcy & James Lock - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (5):820-838.
Neural Correlates of Executive Functioning in Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder.Kai S. Thomas, Rosalind E. Birch, Catherine R. G. Jones & Ross E. Vanderwert - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
References found in this work
How Conscious Experience and Working Memory Interact.Bernard J. Baars & Stan Franklin - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):166-172.
Links Between Conscious Awareness and Response Inhibition: Evidence From Masked Priming.Martin Eimer & Friederike Schlaghecken - 2002 - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9 (3):514-520.
Emotional Modulation of Cognitive Control: Approach–Withdrawal States Double-Dissociate Spatial From Verbal Two-Back Task Performance.Jeremy R. Gray - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):436.
Nonconscious Semantic Processing of Emotional Words Modulates Conscious Access.Raphaël Gaillard, Antoine Del Cul, Lionel Naccache, Fabien Vinckier, Laurent Cohen, Stanislas Dehaene & Edward E. Smith - 2006 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (19):7524-7529.
Anxiety Sensitivity: The Role of Conscious Awareness and Selective Attentional Bias to Physical Threat.Caroline Hunt, Edmund Keogh & Christopher C. French - 2006 - Emotion 6 (3):418-428.