Abstract
Prosocial behaviour benefits another individual and occurs voluntarily. It may have a cognitive and a motivational component. The actor who benefits a recipient – for example by solving her/his problem must recognize the recipient’s goal and understand how to fulfil it and has to be motivated to support the recipient. In the current paper I will review recent studies on prosocial behavior in dogs and I will compare them to studies with primates. I will address the cognitive and motivational skills required for the actor in order to support the recipient. I conclude that dogs and also chimpanzees display a number of prosocial behaviours, but there are remarkable differences. In contrast to humans, which have an outstanding biological predisposition to benefit others, dogs and chimpanzees only do so under certain conditions.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1075/is.16.3.01bra
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 56,081
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Does the Chimpanzee Have a Theory of Mind? 30 Years Later.Josep Call & Michael Tomasello - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (5):187-192.
Varieties of Altruism in Children and Chimpanzees.Felix Warneken & Michael Tomasello - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (9):397-402.
Human-Like Social Skills in Dogs?Brian Hare & Michael Tomasello - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (9):439-444.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

I Do Not Understand but I Care: The Prosocial Dog.Juliane Bräuer - 2015 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (3):341-360.
How Did Altruism and Reciprocity Evolve in Humans?Shinya Yamamoto & Masayuki Tanaka - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (2):150-182.
I Do Not Understand but I Care: The Prosocial Dog.Juliane Bräuer - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (3):341-360.
What Chimpanzees Know About Seeing, Revisited: An Explanation of the Third Kind.Josep Call & Michael Tomasello - 2005 - In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. pp. 45--64.
Affective States, Motivation, and Prosocial Behaviour in Primates.Hika Kuroshima & Kazuo Fujita - 2018 - In Laura Desirèe Di Paolo, Fabio Di Vincenzo & Francesca De Petrillo (eds.), Evolution of Primate Social Cognition. Springer Verlag. pp. 27-45.
Understanding Empathy From Interactional Synchrony in Humans and Non-Human Primates.Lira Yu, Yuko Hattori, Shinya Yamamoto & Masaki Tomonaga - 2018 - In Laura Desirèe Di Paolo, Fabio Di Vincenzo & Francesca De Petrillo (eds.), Evolution of Primate Social Cognition. Springer Verlag. pp. 47-58.
Advances in neuroscience imply that harmful experiments in dogs are unethical.J. Bailey & S. Pereira - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):47-52.
Peer Assessment of Children's Prosocial Behaviour.Susan Hayes Greener - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):47-60.
Breed Differences in Domestic Dogs’ (Canis Familiaris) Comprehension of Human Communicative Signals.Victoria Wobber, Brian Hare, Janice Koler-Matznick, Richard Wrangham & Michael Tomasello - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (2):206-224.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-10-16

Total views
2 ( #1,365,203 of 2,404,011 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #360,240 of 2,404,011 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes