Vivarium 51 (1-4):169-204 (2013)

Discrete supposition occurs whenever a discrete term, such as ‘Socrates‘, is the subject of a given proposition. I propose to examine this apparently simple notion. I shall draw attention to the incongruity, within a general theory of the semantic variation of terms in a propositional context, of the notion of discrete supposition, in which a term usually has a single semantic correlate. The incongruity comes to the fore in those treatises that attempt to describe discrete supposition as a sort of personal supposition, although the same term cannot be in simple supposition in another propositional context, because it has no significate distinct from its suppositum. This shows a fundamental link between common signification, simple supposition and predicability, three notions that rely on the existence of a significate distinct and independent from the suppositum of the term. The connection is to be seen especially in William of Sherwood’s Introductiones, the only author of a terminist Summa who recognizes the existence of simple supposition for discrete terms.
Keywords individual form   predicability   individuals   universal   discrete supposition   proper name
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DOI 10.1163/15685349-12341246
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References found in this work BETA

The Development of Logic.A. R. Lacey - 1964 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 84:194-195.
The Development of Logic.William Kneale & Martha Kneale - 1962 - Studia Logica 15:308-310.
The Development of Logic.William Kneale & Martha Kneale - 1962 - Philosophy 40 (151):79-83.

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William of Auvergne.Roland J. Teske Sj - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 1402--1405.

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